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Tonsillitis and its treatment

  • November 26, 2018
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Two lymph nodes located on each side at the back of throat are called tonsils. The main function of tonsils is defence mechanism. They help to prevent infections. If tonsils get infected this condition is known as tonsillitis.

Symptoms

Tonsillitis most commonly affects children between preschool ages and the mid-teenage years. Common symptoms of tonsillitis include-

  • Yellow or white patches on tonsils.
  • Red and swollen tonsils.
  • Painful and difficult swallowing.
  • Fever and sore throat.
  • Bad breath.
  • Stomach pain in younger children.
  • Headache and stiff neck.
  • Painful ulcers or blisters on throat.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Swollen glands in jaw area, ear pain.

Types of tonsillitis

There are two types of tonsillitis

  • Recurrent tonsillitis – multiple recurrent episodes of acute tonsillitis in  a year
  • Chronic tonsillitis - last longer than acute tonsillitis in addition, other symptoms happen, like:
    • bad breath, or halitosis
    • chronic sore throat
    • lymph nodes tender in the neck

Treatment for tonsillitis

If tonsillitis is mild, treatment is not required. If tonsillitis is severe treatment is required which include antibiotics or tonsillectomy (Surgery to remove the tonsils). Antibiotic treatment is given in bacterial infection. Tonsillectomy is recommended in chronic or recurrent tonsillitis.

Preventing tonsillitis

â–ªWash hands properly after coming into contact of people who have sore throat, cough.

â–ªTo decrease the risk of tonsillitis stay away from people who have tonsillitis infection.

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Disclaimer: Don’t follow any suggestions in this article without consulting a qualified doctor

Sources: 1. Understanding Tonsillitis - Diagnosis and Treatment https://www.webmd.com/oral-health/understanding-tonsillitis-treatment#1

2. Tonsillitis https://www.healthline.com/health/tonsillitis