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Tips to keep you cool during a heatwave

  • March 21, 2022

The majority of heat-related illnesses occur as a result of the victim being over-exposed to heat or over-exercising. Heat-related illness can affect anyone, but older people, young children, and those who are ill or overweight are at higher risk. The human body will not be harmed if the temperature remains at 37° C. When the temperature rises above 37° C, the human body begins to absorb heat from the surrounding environment. Even if the temperature is 38°C and the humidity is high, a person can suffer from heat stress disorders.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), heat waves come with several potential health dangers, including:

·   dehydration

·   respiratory disease

·   heat cramps

·   heat rash

·   heatstroke

·   heat exhaustion

·   kidney damage

·   impacts on mental health

If proper precautions are not taken, extreme heat can be dangerous. The body has to work extra hard to maintain a normal temperature in extreme heat and high humidity. Here are a few ways to cope with heatwaves and stay cool during hot weather.

Keep hydrated

Drink plenty of water; approximately 10 to 12 glasses in a day or 1 glass every one hour. Simultaneously, avoid dehydrating beverages such as alcohol, coffee, tea, and caffeinated soft drinks. Because they can cause more harm than good.

Pace Yourself

Reduce your physical activity during the summer. If you're not used to working or exercising in a hot environment, begin slowly and gradually increase your pace. STOP all activity if exertion in the heat causes your heart to pound and leaves you gasping for air.

Dress for the summer

When going outside, dress in light-colored, loose-fitting clothing and a hat with a broad brim. Avoid polyester in favor of cotton and linen, which repel the sun's heat better. Wearing sunglasses and applying sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher is also recommended.

Eat smaller portions

Instead of the traditional three square meals a day, eat smaller meals more frequently on hot days. Avoid high-protein foods as well, as they can raise metabolic heat. Consume cool, easy-to-digest foods such as fruits and salads. Avoid using foods that require the use of an oven, as this will make it more difficult to keep your home cool.

Never leave children in cars

Even if the windows are partially open. Automobiles can quickly reach dangerous temperatures. Children left unattended in parked cars for even a few minutes face serious heat-related illnesses and even death.

Plan outdoor

To avoid the hottest part of the day, plan any outdoor activities to take place early in the day, late afternoon or evening. If you're going to be outside for an extended period of time, make sure you're wearing sunscreen.

Heat-related illnesses are mostly avoidable. By taking a few simple precautions, you can avoid them. Enjoy summer, stay safe & healthy.