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Managing Asthma

  • May 04, 2020
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Every year on the first Tuesday of May, Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA), and the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA) set up an awareness program on asthma.

Asthma is one of the most common lifelong chronic diseases affecting the lungs and causing episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and coughing. It more commonly affects children, though adults can also have asthma.

Both genetic and environmental factors (allergens/viral infection/air pollution) are risk factors for asthma. Asthma can be detected early, by observing breathing problems getting worse after physical activity or having coughs at night. A spirometry test helps better diagnose asthma.

In asthma, the airways leading to the lungs become smaller as the sides of these airways swell. Mucus produced by the body further clogs up the airways and so less air gets in and out of the lungs.

Asthma can be controlled by taking medicines that can be of two types; quick-relief and long-term control. Doctors may advise a metered-dose inhaler with a spacer.

Positive Steps for Coping with Asthma:

  • Follow doctor’s advice regarding medications
  • Educate yourself about the risk factors of asthma
  • Learn to recognize when the symptoms are becoming worse

Carry a card that informs others about your condition and gives instructions on what to do when you have a severe asthma attack.

In the wake of COVID-19, the best thing to do is to keep asthma under control to avoid a trip to the emergency department. This is because even people with mild asthma are at high risk of developing serious flu complications.

Coping with asthma means better sleep, no missing work/school, and taking part in physical activities. Breath is life. Being aware of asthma facts helps you breathe easy.

Developed by Scientific Angle brought to you by Health Meter Services

Disclaimer: Don’t follow any suggestions in this article without consulting a qualified doctor

Sources:

  1. ‘Learn How to Control Asthma.’ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/asthma/faqs.htm.
  2. ‘2020 National Asthma and Allergy Awareness Month.’ Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA). Available at: https://www.aafa.org/asthma-and-allergy-awareness-month/.