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Dry Eye Syndrome and its prevention

  • July 30, 2018
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Dry eye syndrome occurs when eyes don’t produce enough tears or the tears evaporate quickly. Due to this dust and other irritants cannot be eliminated from eyes properly. Dryness may leads to burning, stinging, redness, and pain. Tears have three layers - outer layer is oily, middle layer is watery and inner layer is mucus. If these layers doesn’t produce enough oil, water, mucus or when oil is missing from tears, they quickly evaporates. Due to this moisture is not maintained in eyes. This leads to dry eye syndrome.

Prevention

  • Avoid air blowing in your eyes –when using car heaters, hair dryers, air conditioners and fans don’t direct towards the eyes.
  • Take eye breaks during long tasks – when reading or performing tasks which requires visual concentration, take eye breaks. For few minutes close your eyes. Blink your eyes repeatedly for few seconds that will spread the tears evenly all over the eyes.
  • Be aware of your environment – air may be extremely dry in deserts and airplanes. In these places to avoid dry eye syndrome close the eyes for few minutes to minimize evaporation of tears.
  • Position your computer screen below eye level – If computer screen is positioned above the eye level then it makes the eyes to open wider to see the screen. So place the computer screen below the eye level. This will helps to slow down the evaporation of tears between eye blinks.
  • Stop smoking - Smoke worsens dry eyes symptoms.

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Disclaimer: Don’t follow any suggestions in this article without consulting a qualified doctor

Sources:

1."Dry Eyes" https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dry-eyes/symptoms-causes/syc-20371863  

2. "Understanding Dry Eye Syndrome" https://www.allaboutvision.com/conditions/dryeye-syndrome.htm